社會指標:常見問題 
Social Indicators: FAQs

 
   
下列常見問答會隨著社會變化和大眾需要而不斷更新
The content of this FAQ page will be updated from time to time to match societal changes and community needs
   
常見問題 Frequently asked Questions
   
問:「主觀指標」與「客觀指標」有什麼分別?
Q: What is the difference between "subjective indictors" and "objective indicators"?
   
問:為什麼民研計劃的「主觀自由指標」用0分至10分量度,而非0至100?
Q: Why are POP's subjective indicators measured by a 0-10 scale instead of 0-100?
   
問:多項「社會指標」有沒有層次的劃分?
Q: Can we divide various "social indicators" into different levels?
   
常見問題與答案 Frequently asked Questions with Answers
   
問:「主觀指標」與「客觀指標」有什麼分別?
Q: What is the difference between "subjective indictors" and "objective indicators"?

答:「主觀指標」是用來量度民眾的內在感覺,而「客觀指標」一般是用來陳述外在的事實和數字。例如在量度新聞自由的時候,「客觀指標」可以是引用報章的發行數目;但如果所有報章都受到政治審查,有關數字便不能反映民眾對新聞自由的感覺。相反,某某地方可能只有幾家報章,但都運作獨立和政見多元,民眾一樣可以感覺良好。
(初版:2006年1月17日新聞公報之附加資料)
A: "Subjective indicators" measure people's feeling of how good or how bad the situation is, while "objective indicators" usually refers to hard facts and figures. In measuring press freedom, for example, objective facts may include how many newspapers a society has, but that alone may not indicate how much press freedom people feel they have, especially if the newspapers are political censored. Likewise, people may feel good even if there are only a few papers, but every one of them enjoys perfect freedom and takes on different political stands.
(First release: Supplementary section of our press release of 17 January 2006)
   
問:為什麼民研計劃的「主觀自由指標」用0分至10分量度,而非0至100?
Q: Why are POP's subjective indicators measured by a 0-10 scale instead of 0-100?

答:民研計劃的慣例是用0至100分量度某某機構、團體和人物的形象,而用0至10分量度一些比較抽象的概念,並非對與錯的問題。
(初版:2006年1月17日新聞公報之附加資料) 
A: It's a matter of choice, but our general practice is to measure the image of organization, groups and figures using a 0-100 scale, and to measure intangible concepts using 0-10.
(First release: Supplementary section of our press release of 1 7 January 2006)
   
問:多項「社會指標」有沒有層次的劃分?
Q: Can we divide various "social indicators" into different levels?

答:有。《民意網站》的「社會指標」網頁列出了12項指標,分別是「民主」、「自由」、「繁榮」、「安定」、「公平」、「文明」、「廉潔」、「平等」、「效率」、「福利」、「治安」和「法治」。《民意網站》另有「自由指標」網頁列出了10項「次指標」,分別是「言論」、「新聞」、「出版」、「遊行示威」、「結社」、「罷工」、「出入境」、「學術研究」、「文藝創作」和「信仰」,而「法治指標」又包括了「司法制度公平程度」和「法庭公正程度」的「次指標」。換言之,民研計劃的定期調查中,迄今為止,總共包括了12項主要『社會指標』和另外12項「次社會指標」。
(初版:2006年3月7日新聞公報之附加資料)
A: Yes, we can. In our POP Site, under the "social indicators" sub-page, we have listed 12 indicators, namely, "democracy", "freedom, "prosperity", "stability", "fairness", "civilization", "corruption-free", "equality", "efficiency", "social welfare", "public order" and "rule of law". Under our "freedom indicators" sub-page, we have listed 10 "sub-indicators", namely, "freedom of speech", "freedom of press", "freedom of publication", "freedom of procession and demonstration", "freedom of association", "freedom to strike", "freedom to enter or leave Hong Kong", "freedom to engage in academic research", "freedom to engage in artistic and literary creation" and "freedom of religious belief". Under our "rule of law indicator", we have included "fairness of the judicial system" and "impartiality of the courts" as two "sub-indicators". In other words, up to now, HKUPOP has been mapping 12 "social indicators" plus another 12 "social sub-indicators" regularly.
(First release: Supplementary section of our press release of 7 March 2006)
   
   


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